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Danger Zones for Children’s Injuries

Mon Jun 2, 1:37 PM ET  Reuters CHICAGO (Reuters) – The most common injuries children suffer vary by age almost month by month, with the most dangerous time coming at 15 to 17 months, according to a U.S. study published on Monday. The University of California report, based on a review of more than 23,000 childhood injuries, 636 of them fatal, from 1996 to 1998, was designed to alert parents and doctors to the most common hazards at any given point. During the first year of life, the study found that unspecified falls were the main source of injury before 3 months, battering by parents or caregivers at 3 to 5 months, falls from furniture at 6 to 8 months, swallowing foreign objects at 9 to 11 months and hot liquid or hot vapors at 12 to 17 months. In general, the overall injury rate for all causes, everything from fires to ingestion of drugs, rapidly increased with age starting at 3 to 5 months and peaked at 15 to 17 months, said the study published in the June issue of Pediatrics, the journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. “This coincides with developmental achievements such as independent mobility, exploratory behavior and hand-to-mouth activity,” the report said. “The child is able to access hazards but has not yet developed cognitive hazard awareness and avoidance skills.” The study, which tracked statistics up until age 4, found that the most common cause of injury after 3 came from moving vehicles hitting children on foot. Across all ages medication poisoning was the single highest cause of injury, peaking at from 18 through...

Child abuse, neglect can trigger permanent brain damage

December 14, 2000 Web posted at: 3:41 PM EST (2041 GMT) By Troy Goodman CNN.com Health Writer (CNN) — Child abuse and neglect can “rewire” the nascent brain, scientists have found, which may lead to psychological problems throughout adulthood. “These changes are permanent,” said Dr. Martin Teicher of Mclean Hospital, a psychiatric center affiliated with Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts. “This is not something people can just get over with and get on with their lives.” In a report published in the journal Cerebrum, Teicher analyzed the largest and most detailed study on how childhood experiences affect brain development. He used high-tech brain imaging on several hundred children and adults to identify four types of brain abnormalities — all of which were linked to child abuse and neglect. The abuse-related brain damage appears to foster such problems as adult aggressiveness, depression, anxiety and even memory and attention impairment. The report confirms smaller studies showing that the brain “rewires” itself in response to trauma. “A child’s interactions with the outside environment causes connections to form between brain cells,” said Teicher, who heads McLean’s Developmental Biopsychiatry Research Program. “These connections are pruned during puberty and adulthood. So whatever a child experiences, for good or bad, helps determine how his brain is wired.” Previous experiments with monkeys raised without their mothers have already linked depression, schizophrenia, autism and attention deficit disorders to childhood maltreatment, according to other experts. There is even a growing body of evidence concerning “a history of childhood abuse among adolescents who later commit violent crimes,” according to Teicher’s report. Other doctors were quick to point out that...

America’s Child Death Shame

Published: 17 October 2011 Last updated at 07:35 ET, BBC © 2011 “Every five hours a child dies from abuse or neglect in the US. The latest government figures show an estimated 1,770 children were killed as a result of maltreatment in 2009. A recent congressional report concludes the real number could be nearer 2,500.“  “Sixty-six children under the age of 15 die from physical abuse or neglect every week in the industrialised world. Twenty-seven of those die in the US – the highest number of any other country.“ “Over the past 10 years, more than 20,000 American children are believed to have been killed in their own homes by family members. That is nearly four times the number of US soldiers killed in Iraq and Afghanistan.“ “America’s Death Shame,” was seen on BBC World News affiliates, including PBS and NPR stations in most American cities. The nature of the broadcast is about the magnitude of child abuse — and particularly child-abuse-related deaths — in America. See the full article at BBC ©...