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Mental Health News & Research

This page lists some useful resources related to children and mental health.

ADHD and Tourette Treatment

ADHD and Tourette Syndrome:  A Treatment Challenge  Colin Bridgeman Pennsylvania State University Penn State College of Medicine 2004   Tourette’s Syndrome or Disorder (TS):   1)   First described by Georges Gilles de la Tourette in 1885   2)  Epidemiology:   A)  The occurrence of Tourette Syndrome in school-age populations has been reported to be anywhere from 0.7% to 4.2% depending on the diagnostic criteria used. B)  The mean age of onset is 6.7 years. (Robertson 2003)   3)  Diagnosis criteria from Tourette Syndrome Classification Study Group:   A) multiple motor tics and one or more phonic tics must be present at some time during the illness B) tics must occur many times a day, almost every day or intermittently throughout a period of more than a year C) the anatomical location of the tics, type, complexity, or severity of the tics must change over time D) onset must be before age 21 E) must not be explainable by other medical condition F) tics must be witnessed by reliable examiner     Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):   1)  Epidemiology:   A)  The prevalence of ADHD is estimated to be between 8-10% in school-aged children. B)  Four times more common in boys than girls C)  Three subtypes of ADHD exist including: Inattentive, Hyperactive-Impulsive, and Combined   2) Diagnosis Criteria for ADHD from DSM IV include, but not limited to:   A)  Symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity, such as fidgeting, failure to pay attention to details, difficulty organizing tasks, easily distracted, and interruptive. B)  Symptoms present for at least six months C)  Symptoms present in more than one setting D)  Symptoms present before age seven E)  Symptoms impair academic, social, or occupational activities...

Children and Psychiatric Medication – a multimodal presentation

Medications for the Child a multimodal presentation A Presentation from Penn State College of Medicine   Highlights of the presentation on psychiatric medication for the child include: Medication in ADHD, Anxiety and Depression Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA) Pediatric OCD, Treatment of OCD, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Treatment of Adolescent Depression Study (TADS)...

Helping Children Cope After A Disaster

Issues related to disaster and trauma intervention are addressed in the following booklet.  This booklet is to assist parents and professionals in helping children after a disaster.  The Child Advocate is devoted to children and the parents and professionals that work with them and advocate for them.  If you have questions about the information presented here, please consult a physician, mental health professional, the resources listed or other professional in your area.  References on the items listed here are available on request. Booklet for parents and professionals on Helping Children Cope After A Disaster from the Penn State Hershey Medical Center and the College of Medicine.  This booklet is designed to be printed on regular 8 1/2 by 11 paper on both sides and stapled into a booklet.  The two links below allow you to download and print the booklet.  Note that you will have to follow the page numbers to place the pages in the correct order after you print the booklet.  The Acrobat Reader is free and is needed to download the booklet.  You may already have this reader installed on your computer.  If you do not have the Reader, then use the link to download and install it.  The booklet may be printed for educational purposes, if properly cited, and distributed without profit to the individual or agency.  No further permissions are necessary and you should feel free to print and distribute this booklet as needed. Disaster Booklet in PDF...

Shared Parenting: The New Frontier

A shared parenting arrangement is defined as involving at least 30 percent of the time with each parent, the incidence of shared care among divorced couples increased from 2.2 percent to 14.2 percent between 1980 and 1992. By 2001, it had reached 32 percent.

Divorce Effects on Children

Divorce is an intensely stressful experience for all children, regardless of age or developmental level; many children are inadequately prepared for the impending divorce by their parents based on 1980 and 1990 studies.

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