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Medical News & Research

Children and families need special information to address medical and psychiatric issues.

Breast-feeding to support resilience to stress

SUNDAY, Jan. 6, 2007 (HealthDay News) — “Breast-feeding is considered a great way for a mother to form a close bond with her infant. And now there’s evidence to suggest it may also help kids be more resilient to stress.”Conclusions include that “breast feeding is associated with resilience against the psychosocial stress linked with parental divorce/separation. This could be because breast feeding is a marker of exposures related to maternal characteristics and parent–child interaction.“ The study findings were published in the journal Archives of Disease in...

Celiac Disease Present in 1% of 5-Year-Olds in Study

(The Nemours Foundation) Celiac disease results from a sensitivity to a dietary protein (called gluten) found in wheat and certain other grains. The immune system’s abnormal response to this protein causes damage to the lining of the intestine, interfering with its ability to absorb nutrients. How common is celiac disease? Researchers from the University of Colorado School of Medicine in Denver examined the prevalence of celiac disease in a group of 5-year-old children. Three hundred eighty-six 5-year-old children participated in this 5-year study of the prevalence of celiac disease. At birth, the umbilical cord blood of all the children was tested to determine the presence of a gene that may identify people at increased risk for developing celiac disease. Throughout the study, the children periodically underwent additional blood tests and if celiac disease was suspected, biopsies of the child’s intestinal tract were done to diagnose the disease. Within the general population, the risk for celiac disease among 5-year-olds was about 1%. The risk for celiac disease was higher in female children. In general, celiac disease was not recognized in children under 2.5 years. What This Means to You: Celiac disease affects one child out of every 100, according to the results of this study. If your child has any of the symptoms associated with celiac disease such as difficulty gaining weight, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, and irritability, talk to your child’s doctor. The good news? The symptoms of celiac disease can be eliminated if your child eats a gluten-free diet. Source: Edward J. Hoffenberg, MD; Todd MacKenzie, PhD; Katherine J. Barriga, MSPH; George S. Eisenbarth, MD, PhD; Fei Bao, MD; Joel...

America’s Child Death Shame

Published: 17 October 2011 Last updated at 07:35 ET, BBC © 2011 “Every five hours a child dies from abuse or neglect in the US. The latest government figures show an estimated 1,770 children were killed as a result of maltreatment in 2009. A recent congressional report concludes the real number could be nearer 2,500.“  “Sixty-six children under the age of 15 die from physical abuse or neglect every week in the industrialised world. Twenty-seven of those die in the US – the highest number of any other country.“ “Over the past 10 years, more than 20,000 American children are believed to have been killed in their own homes by family members. That is nearly four times the number of US soldiers killed in Iraq and Afghanistan.“ “America’s Death Shame,” was seen on BBC World News affiliates, including PBS and NPR stations in most American cities. The nature of the broadcast is about the magnitude of child abuse — and particularly child-abuse-related deaths — in America. See the full article at BBC ©...

Stress Disorder Common Among Children

In 90 percent of families with children injured in a traffic crash, the child or a parent will suffer at least one significant acute stress symptom, according to a study at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. And 25 percent of children and parents experience more pervasive symptoms that warrant clinical attention.

Risperidone Tolerability in Children

Presented at the American Psychiatric Association, 2002 Annual Meeting Hong Chen, M.D., Department of Psychiatry, Hershey Medical Center; Christopher A. Petersen, M.D. Introduction: Little published data is available to determine the tolerability of Risperidone in children in an acute setting. Method: In this prospective pilot study, hospitalized children (n = 10) with age range of 7 to 10 year, were administered Risperidone gradually to 0.04 mg/kg/day as clinically indicated and only if tolerated. Side effect rating scales were completed at baseline, within 24 hours of first dose to assess acute change, at 0.04mg/kg/day if possible to assess effects of therapeutic dosage, and prior to discharge. The average study period is 10 days. Results: Among 10 hospitalized children with newly started on Risperidone, three (30%) developed mild degree of loss of appetite with one also had diarrhea, one (10%) developed mild rigidity, drooling, slurred speech within 24 hours of first dose, one(10%) had mild sedation. In terms of short term weight change by discharge, three (30%) children gained average weight of 0.9 kg, one (10%) lost 0.7 kg. Nine children were discharged on Risperidone without remaining problems of loss of appetite, diarrhea and sedation except weight change, and one child had to discontinue and switch to another neuroleptics. Conclusion: The study demonstrated unexpected high rate of side effect but with short duration and mild severity in children who take Risperidone. More studies regarding long term sequelea of weight change, and presence of EPS symptoms in children on Risperidone are needed in future...
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