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Social Phobia in Children

The Child Advocate is devoted to children and the parents and professionals that work with them and advocate for them. Social Phobia is an anxiety disorder the affects children and their families. Part of this information is presented with the permission of  Kourtney Koslosky from her work at The Penn State College of Medicine. The information presented at this site is for general use only and is not intended to provide personal advice or substitute for the advice of a qualified professional. If you have questions about the information presented here, please consult a physician, the resources listed or other professional in your area.

Helpful Information

Pharmacologic Treatment of Social Phobia

Pediatric Social Phobia and Treatment with SSRI Antidepressants  Kourtney Koslosky Penn State College of Medicine October 19, 2007   Overview (1)   Social phobia, or social anxiety disorder, is characterized by a persistent and intense fear or anxiety of at least one social event or performance in which the person is exposed to possible criticism by others.   Exposure to these situations causes an anxiety reaction, similar to panic, and children, unlike adults, may not be fully able to understand that the reaction is out of proportion to the situation.  Nonetheless, they subsequently avoid social situations that provoke fear.   Common social situations that evoke anxiety include public speaking, eating with others, using public restrooms, and general social contact and interaction with others.   The child’s level of functioning is significantly impaired, and they may experience significant emotional stress, such as increased heart rate, sweating, stomach or head aches, crying, and tantrums.  This impairment leads to general social withdrawal (evidenced by anxiety, hypersensitivity, self-consciousness, and depressed mood)   DSM-IV Criteria:   A marked and persistent fear of one or more social and performance situations in which the child is exposed to unfamiliar people or to possible scrutiny by others.  The person fears that he or she will display anxiety symptoms or be humiliated or embarrassed.  In children, there must be evidence of the capacity for age-appropriate social relationships with familiar people and the anxiety must occur in peer settings, not only in interactions with adults.   Exposure to the feared social situation almost invariably provokes anxiety or a panic attack.  In children, this anxiety may be expressed by crying,...

Children and Psychiatric Medication – a multimodal presentation

Children’s Medications – a multimodal presentation A Presentation from  Penn State College of Medicine Supported in part by an advocacy grant from The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 2005 – 2008 Chrome browser users may need the IE-On-Chrome extension added to their browsers to view this presentation. On your browser go to “More tools”, then “Extensions”, then Get more extensions to find it. Highlights of the presentation on psychiatric medication for the child include: Medication in ADHD, Anxiety and Depression Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA) Pediatric OCD, Treatment of OCD, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Treatment of Adolescent Depression Study...