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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

The Child Advocate is devoted to children and the parents and professionals that work with them and advocate for them. Posttraumatic Stress is a all to common problem for children and their families. Part of this information is presented with the permission of Laura Arensmeyer and Christopher Petersen from their work at The Penn State College of Medicine. The information presented at this site is for general use only and is not intended to provide personal advice or substitute for the advice of a qualified professional. If you have questions about the information presented here, please consult a physician, the resources listed or other professional in your area.

Helpful Information

Breast-feeding to support resilience to stress

SUNDAY, Jan. 6, 2007 (HealthDay News) — “Breast-feeding is considered a great way for a mother to form a close bond with her infant. And now there’s evidence to suggest it may also help kids be more resilient to stress.”Conclusions include that “breast feeding is associated with resilience against the psychosocial stress linked with parental divorce/separation. This could be because breast feeding is a marker of exposures related to maternal characteristics and parent–child interaction.“ The study findings were published in the journal Archives of Disease in...

America’s Child Death Shame

Published: 17 October 2011 Last updated at 07:35 ET, BBC © 2011 “Every five hours a child dies from abuse or neglect in the US. The latest government figures show an estimated 1,770 children were killed as a result of maltreatment in 2009. A recent congressional report concludes the real number could be nearer 2,500.“  “Sixty-six children under the age of 15 die from physical abuse or neglect every week in the industrialised world. Twenty-seven of those die in the US – the highest number of any other country.“ “Over the past 10 years, more than 20,000 American children are believed to have been killed in their own homes by family members. That is nearly four times the number of US soldiers killed in Iraq and Afghanistan.“ “America’s Death Shame,” was seen on BBC World News affiliates, including PBS and NPR stations in most American cities. The nature of the broadcast is about the magnitude of child abuse — and particularly child-abuse-related deaths — in America. See the full article at BBC ©...

Stress Disorder Common Among Children

In 90 percent of families with children injured in a traffic crash, the child or a parent will suffer at least one significant acute stress symptom, according to a study at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. And 25 percent of children and parents experience more pervasive symptoms that warrant clinical attention.

Diabetes Issues in the School and Classroom

Insulin pumps and classroom finger stick testing have improved treatment, yet schools often are hesitant or have concerns regarding their use. These documents go a long way toward addressing school issues and allowing student’s independence.

Recognizing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Recognizing and Predicting  Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Children  Laura Arensmeyer January 2005   Introduction   PTSD is an anxiety disorder in which exposure to a trauma results in persistent re-experiencing of the event, avoidance of stimuli associated with the event, and increased arousal. These symptoms must be present for more than one month and must cause impairment in functioning (APA, 1994).   Acute Stress Disorder, or ASD is an anxiety disorder in which exposure to a trauma results in at least three dissociative symptoms in addition to re-experiencing, avoidance and increased arousal.     These symptoms last for two days to four weeks and cause impairment in functioning (APA, 1994).   “Given the high frequency of childhood injury and rates of PTSD in injured children ranging from 13-45%, injury is an important cause of traumatic stress in childhood” (Winston et al., 2003). Clinicians need reliable tools for recognizing PTSD in children, whose symptoms may differ from adults. Acute care clinicians need a tool to identify which children have increased risk of developing posttraumatic stress symptoms.   Screening Tool for Early Predictors of PTSD   (STEPP)   The objective was to develop a screening tool for determining patients at high risk for persistent posttraumatic stress symptoms after an acute traumatic incident.   The STEPP consists of four questions for the parent, four questions for the child, and four questions to be answered using the patient’s medical record.   Eighty-five children had a positive STEPP screen (indicating increased risk for PTSD), however, only 21 of these children actually had persistent traumatic stress after three months. Of the 62 children with a negative...

Sexual Abuse Evaluation

The evaluation of child sexual abuse is to determine whether abuse has occurred and if the child needs treatment for medical or emotional problems. The evaluator and the child’s or adolescent’s therapist should be two different individuals.